The way you print your work can have a dramatic effect on the quality, colour and presentation. There are many different types of prints such as C-type prints, Giclee prints
Silver based C-type prints result in professional archival prints. Digital C-types are created with light sensitive professional photographic paper to achieve a photographic print result. The paper uses a finely balanced red, green, blue light source.
There are different types of paper that can be used for this type of print like:
Fuji Gloss – This paper is from the Fuji Crystal Archive range with a gloss finish. It is professional colour paper and the finishing gloss increases the colour to give it a rich feel.
Fuji Matt – Has a semi-matt finish which gives a very natural photographic result with subtle colour.
Fuji Flex – The super-gloss finish provides the paper with a plastic feel and a warm base colour. The high gloss gives luxurious rich colours.
Kodak Metallic – This has a metallic base which makes the colours reflective, metallic and have a 3-dimensional feel.
Giclee prints result in a fine art print. They are made using Epson professional inkjets. The paper used can increase the quality to the print.
Hahnemuhle Photorag – It is a heavy art paper at 308g.s.m. The paper softens the image and mutes the colours giving a watercolour effect to the print.
Hahnemuhle Pearl – It is a slightly textured paper with semi-gloss at 258g.s.m. It can hold more detail then the Photorag while still maintaining the illustrative/painted feel.
Hahnemuhle German Etching – A heavyweight etching board at 310g.s.m. It has a silky smooth finish with a fine surface texture. It is popular for artwork and photography.
Epson Semi-Gloss – The paper gives a photographic feel with good detail, natural colour and a medium gloss finish. It is 260g.s.m.
Harman Gloss Warmtone – It is a fibre based paper with 320g.s.m. It produces creamy whites and velvety black colours. The Alumina coating produces high gloss, optical image density and vibrancy.
Canson Baryta – The papaer consists of an alpha-cellulose. It is acid-free and white museum grade paper due to its maximum longevity. It is 310g.s.m.
Canson Aquarelle Rag – 100% cotton fine art and photo paper. It also has a museum grade and produces warm off white tones and extreme texture. It is 310g.s.m.
Epson CMYK proofs help to control the colour of images and artwork when pressed. You can create accurate reproduction by converting the file to CMYK and run a proof and supply both to the printer.
Colorplan is a collection of coloured paper and boards available in embossing. Colourlux is a film laminated development of Colourplan giving a metallic finish in either matt or gloss. The film laminated is manufactured from paper cellulose it is biodegradable and compositable.
Textured paper come in traditional felt marks, antique finishes, fibres, linen and decked edged finishes.
Marlmarque and Parchmarque are original parchmentised and marbled paper. They offer a comprehensive collection of colours and weights for wide ranging print applications. Marltone produced by Marlmardue has a unique double marble effect. Transmarque is translucent paper available in six patterns.
Speciality papers from mills around the world are used mainly for special or important things. They include Bible papers, Corrugated, Gilded papers, Glassine, Greyboard, Iridescent, Metalised, Mica Coated, Onionskin, Polypropylene and Translucent.
Cromstico Digital is FSC. It is engineered so optical sensors on HP and Xerox can detect the paper in the feed tray due to it being transluctant.
HP Indigo presses can print on textured and embossed papers. Popular HP Indigo papers include:
Crane’s Lettra 100% cotton
Mohawk Optioons PC100 iTone FSC
Mowhawk Superfine Eggshell iTone
Naturalis 70% Recycled FSC
Naturalis Absolute White FSC
Peregrina Majestic 19 colours FSC
FSC 100% Recycled Papers:
Book Publishers use paper that has creasing and gluing strengths or versatile paper for book covers, end papers and dust jackets. FSC book papers are 100% recycled which come in Mohawk Options and Mohawk Superfine Eggshell.
Paper can have environmental accreditations so do not cause any damage to the environment. Recycled paper is also good for the environment and provides interesting textures.
Types of envelopes:
Sizes – DL, C6, C5, C4, any size from 80 x 50mm to 530 x 400mm
Gummed or Peel and Stick
Window or non window
The way that you display your work can affect the way they are presented to others. The mounting should be based on aesthetic preferences, durability, transportation and the environment of which it will be displayed.
Types of substance:
Aluminium – Gives a rigid and hardwearing backing.
Dibond – Lightweight Composite of aluminium and PVC. Has high-gloss or Matt Anti-reflect finishes.
Foamex PVC – Exceptional quality stiff and rigid foam board. It is available in white or black.
Acrylic Reverse – The artwork itself is backed with aluminium, dibond or Perspex. Clear Perspex is mounted over the artwork to produce a contemporary look.
Foam Board – Its properties are lightweight, flexible and affordable.
Museum Card – 2mm thick and is acid-free. It has archival quality and is fairly cheap.
MDF – It is very durable and cost effective way to display a variety of print types.
There are several ways to fix your work once it has been mounted. However it mostly depends on the kind out mounting you use.
Split Battens – This is a cheap and effective way to fix work. They work by mounting two corresponding strips of wood. One is fixed to the wall and the other to the work. They then slot into each other.
Subframe – These are light and strong. They are hung on screws which makes them extremely versatile.
Velcro – A fast and simple way to display work. It is widely used in temporary exhibitions. This is ideal to be used for lighter substrates such as foamex, card and foamboard.
MDF Nail Fixings – These are used for MDF mounting only as it is the only mount that can support it. There are several options for the type of nail and hangings used so the one you chose simply depends on personal preference.
Acrylic seals are used to protect prints hung in environments where they are more vulnerable to being marked or damaged. A protective acrylic coating is used on the front of the print; they can come in matt, satin or gloss. They are UV and scuff resistant to reduce damage to the print.
Frames help to improve the presentation of prints. They also add extra protection to the work. You can have different types of frames and colours such as black, white, and oak. Each one will have an effect on how the print works. Black and white has a neutral tone which compliments colours in the print. However black can produce a deep heavy feel where as white produces a lighter open feel to the work. Oak and natural woods offer a unique and warm tone to prints and artwork. It is a classic choice as is compliments most images.
The window mount should also be considered when displaying work.
No window mount – the image will appear closer as there is no boarder between frame and image.
Central window mounts – This gives the image and equal boarder all away around the work. It can produce a clean look for the final piece. If you used a 2-inch bevelled boarder it increases the spatial dimension.
Bottom weighted narrow – A traditional mounting style with a weighted base.
Bottom weighted wide – Gives a greater base around the image and the boarder is much wider.
D-ring with cord – This fixture is fixed to the frame and then hung on a nail in the wall. This is not very stable as it can be easily knocked off. However it is ideal if temporary fixtures.
Mirror Plates – 2 mirror plates and screws are attached opposite sides to the back of the frame. It is then fixed to the wall with further screws. It is ideal for permanent placement and is a very secure way to display prints and artwork.