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Adobe After Effects CS5

Adobe After Effects CS5 is motion graphics/ visual effects/ animation compositing software by Adobe Systems. The Adobe After Effects CS5 software is able to produce motion graphics and cinematic visual effects.

Its Features include:

2D and 3D element combination

Multiple 3D cameras per composition

Material options

Light falloff

3D camera data import

Create and animate text and vector graphics

Lots of different visual effects

Mask, rotoscope and print composites

Control of motion and keyframes

Colour correction

Media transcoder

 

Adobe InDesign CS5

Adobe InDesign CS5 is a desktop publishing software application by Adobe systems. It can create posters, flyers, brochures, magazines, newspapers and books. Designers and graphics production artists due to the variety of layout options available mainly use it.  Adobe InDesign CS5 lets you design and pre-flight layouts for print of digital distribution. It has built in creative tools and precise control over typography.

Its features include:

Folio producer tools

Interactive documents and presentations

Export to flash professional and Adobe Digital Publishing Suite

Enhancement for eBooks

Articles panel

Image resizing

Enhanced PDF export options.

Adobe Illustrator CS5

With Adobe Illustrator you can create distinctive vector artwork. It uses precision and power of sophisticated drawing tools and natural brushes. T is similar to CorelDraw, Macromedia FreeHand and Inkscape. It is written in C++ and runs on Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows. Developed by Adobe Systems.

Some of its features are:

Creative drawing tools

Drawing enhancements

Multiple Art boards

Integration with other Adobe Software

Slicing tools

Pixel Preview

Mobile apps

Adobe Photoshop CS5

Adobe Photoshop CS5 is a graphics-editing program, where you can create digital images or enhance photos. Adobe Systems Incorporated publishes it. This software also uses mobile device apps so you don’t have to be near a Mac to use it. Photoshop CS5 is the 12th major release of Adobe Photoshop.  There are two additions, Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Photoshop Extended. The extended version has extra features incorporated into it.

The some of the features that Photoshop offers are:

Quick image corrections

Colour and tone control

Processing images

Edit and enhancement

Painting and drawing toolset

Advanced compositing features

Easy management of work

Streamlined workflow

Printing, Mounting, Paper, Framing

The way you print your work can have a dramatic effect on the quality, colour and presentation. There are many different types of prints such as C-type prints, Giclee prints

Silver based C-type prints result in professional archival prints. Digital C-types are created with light sensitive professional photographic paper to achieve a photographic print result. The paper uses a finely balanced red, green, blue light source.

There are different types of paper that can be used for this type of print like:

Fuji Gloss – This paper is from the Fuji Crystal Archive range with a gloss finish. It is professional colour paper and the finishing gloss increases the colour to give it a rich feel.

Fuji Matt – Has a semi-matt finish which gives a very natural photographic result with subtle colour.

Fuji Flex – The super-gloss finish provides the paper with a plastic feel and a warm base colour.  The high gloss gives luxurious rich colours.

Kodak Metallic – This has a metallic base which makes the colours reflective, metallic and have a 3-dimensional feel.

Giclee prints result in a fine art print. They are made using Epson professional inkjets. The paper used can increase the quality to the print.

Hahnemuhle Photorag – It is a heavy art paper at 308g.s.m. The paper softens the image and mutes the colours giving a watercolour effect to the print.

Hahnemuhle Pearl – It is a slightly textured paper with semi-gloss at 258g.s.m. It can hold more detail then the Photorag while still maintaining the illustrative/painted feel.

Hahnemuhle German Etching – A heavyweight etching board at 310g.s.m. It has a silky smooth finish with a fine surface texture. It is popular for artwork and photography.

Epson Semi-Gloss – The paper gives a photographic feel with good detail, natural colour and a medium gloss finish. It is 260g.s.m.

Harman Gloss Warmtone – It is a fibre based paper with 320g.s.m. It produces creamy whites and velvety black colours. The Alumina coating produces high gloss, optical image density and vibrancy.

Canson Baryta – The papaer consists of an alpha-cellulose. It is acid-free and white museum grade paper due to its maximum longevity. It is 310g.s.m.

Canson Aquarelle Rag – 100% cotton fine art and photo paper. It also has a museum grade and produces warm off white tones and extreme texture. It is 310g.s.m.

Epson CMYK proofs help to control the colour of images and artwork when pressed. You can create accurate reproduction by converting the file to CMYK and run a proof and supply both to the printer.

Paper:

Colorplan is a collection of coloured paper and boards available in embossing. Colourlux is a film laminated development of Colourplan giving a metallic finish in either matt or gloss. The film laminated is manufactured from paper cellulose it is biodegradable and compositable.

Textured paper come in traditional felt marks, antique finishes, fibres, linen and decked edged finishes.

Marlmarque and Parchmarque are original parchmentised and marbled paper. They offer a comprehensive collection of colours and weights for wide ranging print applications. Marltone produced by Marlmardue has a unique double marble effect.  Transmarque is translucent paper available in six patterns.

Speciality papers from mills around the world are used mainly for special or important things. They include Bible papers, Corrugated, Gilded papers, Glassine, Greyboard, Iridescent, Metalised, Mica Coated, Onionskin, Polypropylene and Translucent.

Cromstico Digital is FSC. It is engineered so optical sensors on HP and Xerox can detect the paper in the feed tray due to it being transluctant.

HP Indigo presses can print on textured and embossed papers. Popular HP Indigo papers include:

Accent Fresco

Colorplan

Crane’s Lettra 100% cotton

Mohawk Optioons PC100 iTone FSC

Mowhawk Superfine Eggshell iTone

Naturalis 70% Recycled FSC

Naturalis Absolute White FSC

Peregrina Majestic 19 colours FSC

PhoeniXmotion FSC

FSC 100% Recycled Papers:

Accent Smooth

Beckett Cambric

Beckett Expression

Colorplan

Cromatico Digital

ESC Mixed

Gmund Alezan

Gmund Bier

Gmund Treasury

Marlmarque

Monadnock

Mohawk Options

Mohawk Superfine

 Naturalis

Original Gmund

Peregrina Majestic

PhoeniXmotion

Zen

Book Publishers use paper that has creasing and gluing strengths or versatile paper for book covers, end papers and dust jackets. FSC book papers are 100% recycled which come in Mohawk Options and Mohawk Superfine Eggshell.

Paper can have environmental accreditations so do not cause any damage to the environment. Recycled paper is also good for the environment and provides interesting textures.

Types of envelopes:

Sizes – DL, C6, C5, C4, any size from 80 x 50mm to 530 x 400mm

Gummed or Peel and Stick

Window or non window

Tissues lined

The way that you display your work can affect the way they are presented to others. The mounting should be based on aesthetic preferences, durability, transportation and the environment of which it will be displayed.

Types of substance:

Aluminium – Gives a rigid and hardwearing backing.

Dibond – Lightweight Composite of aluminium and PVC. Has high-gloss or Matt Anti-reflect finishes.

Foamex PVC – Exceptional quality stiff and rigid foam board. It is available in white or black.

Acrylic Reverse – The artwork itself is backed with aluminium, dibond or Perspex. Clear Perspex is mounted over the artwork to produce a contemporary look.

Foam Board – Its properties are lightweight, flexible and affordable.

Museum Card – 2mm thick and is acid-free. It has archival quality and is fairly cheap.

MDF – It is very durable and cost effective way to display a variety of print types.

There are several ways to fix your work once it has been mounted. However it mostly depends on the kind out mounting you use.

Split Battens – This is a cheap and effective way to fix work. They work by mounting two corresponding strips of wood. One is fixed to the wall and the other to the work. They then slot into each other.

Subframe – These are light and strong. They are hung on screws which makes them extremely versatile.

Velcro – A fast and simple way to display work. It is widely used in temporary exhibitions. This is ideal to be used for lighter substrates such as foamex, card and foamboard.

MDF Nail Fixings – These are used for MDF mounting only as it is the only mount that can support it. There are several options for the type of nail and hangings used so the one you chose simply depends on personal preference.

Acrylic seals are used to protect prints hung in environments where they are more vulnerable to being marked or damaged. A protective acrylic coating is used on the front of the print; they can come in matt, satin or gloss. They are UV and scuff resistant to reduce damage to the print.

Frames help to improve the presentation of prints. They also add extra protection to the work. You can have different types of frames and colours such as black, white, and oak. Each one will have an effect on how the print works.  Black and white has a neutral tone which compliments colours in the print. However black can produce a deep heavy feel where as white produces a lighter open feel to the work. Oak and natural woods offer a unique and warm tone to prints and artwork. It is a classic choice as is compliments most images.

The window mount should also be considered when displaying work.

No window mount – the image will appear closer as there is no boarder between frame and image.

Central window mounts – This gives the image and equal boarder all away around the work. It can produce a clean look for the final piece. If you used a 2-inch bevelled boarder it increases the spatial dimension.

Bottom weighted narrow – A traditional mounting style with a weighted base.

Bottom weighted wide – Gives a greater base around the image and the boarder is much wider. 

Fixtures:

D-ring with cord – This fixture is fixed to the frame and then hung on a nail in the wall. This is not very stable as it can be easily knocked off. However it is ideal if temporary fixtures.

Mirror Plates – 2 mirror plates and screws are attached opposite sides to the back of the frame. It is then fixed to the wall with further screws. It is ideal for permanent placement and is a very secure way to display prints and artwork.

Printing + Finishes + Binding Terminology

Printing techniques can be difficult to understand, so I have produced a terminology toolkit of the most common printing terms to help with this understanding.

General printing

CMYK – printing method that produces full colour printing. CMYK stands for the four ink colours that are used: Cyan (C) Magenta (M) Yellow (Y) and Black (K). The other colours that are produced are merely and illusion as if you look under a magnifying glass you will see a matrix of tiny dots of the four colours positioned to look like other colours.

Spot colours – the colour required is pre-mixed rather than achieved through a process method on paper. They are often more vibrant then processed colours. They can be used on their own for single or two coloured jobs or printed in addition to CMYK which results in 5 or 6 different colours being used. However this is very expensive as you have to buy a new cartridge for each colour you want to use.

Pantone colours – there are spot colours designed to allow people in the design and printing industries to specify and match specific colours in the printing process. They can also be created using CMYK but this means that colours come out exactly the same. Pantone can also provide colour.

Metallic inks – spot colours that have a metallic constituent, this produces a shiny quality.

Hexachrome colours – use six colours instead of four giving an expanded spectrum on a full colour print. It is a system developed by Pantone which results in a bigger visual impact. This has higher costs due to the extra inks and plates.

Coated paper – this is paper with a coating on either one or both sides. It is available in a variety in finishes such as gloss, silk, dull or matt. It can produce sharp and bright printing due to the ink not being absorbed into the paper. It also reflects light.  

Uncoated paper – this paper does not have a outer coating so ink is absorbed sometimes resulting in the dots to expand. However it is sometimes preferred as it gives a natural feel.

Proof – this is a representation of the finished printed item so that the designer can check for errors or printing problems.

Dummy – this is a blank version of the proposed printed document to demonstrate feel of the paper and size of the document. This can help the designer to decide if they are happy with their choice of paper.

Lithographic printing (Litho) – a printing method that uses a metal plate inside the printing press which has the image to be printed on it. The ink is applied to the plate and the paper placed over the top which is them passed through the press.

Offset printing – this method is like Litho printing except the paper does not come into contact with the plate. The ink is transferred from the plate to a rubber ‘blanket’ cylinder and then onto the paper.

Digital printing – this is where a digital press accepts the digital data of your design and then prints from it. There is no need to produce plates so it is generally used for shorter print runs. It provided the possibility of item by item customization and has lower costs but the quality does not always match the Litho standards.

Registration – refers to the process of exactly aligning two or more colours on paper so that the imaged produced is sharp.

Letterpress printing – a ‘relief’ method of printing. Ink is applied to a raised surface and them pressed onto a sheet of paper to create the text or image resulting in it being slightly depresses into the surface.

Thermographic printing – powder is applied to printed ink while it is wet and is then heated and cured producing a raised glossy feel.

Web printing – uses a continuous roll of paper rather than individual sheets for high print runs, such as newspapers.

Varnish – a finish applied to a surface that can add a glossy, silk or matt coating.

UV varnish – applied to give a high glossy finish to printed surfaces. It can be applied to specific areas or the whole product.

Self cover – documents where the cover is printed on the same material as the text pages.

Fold formats – most common folding for smaller documents are 4 or 6 page fold, gate fold, concertina fold, roll fold.

ISO standard – this is the most widely used system for paper sheet sizes. There are the A series such as A4, the C series that is used for envelopes like a C4 envelope is used for an A4 sheet. The B series are intermediate sizes for the A series but are not as commonly used.  RA and SRA sheets are slightly larger than A sheets, they are used by printers, providing extra grip and trim in the printing process.

Bindings

Saddle Stitch binding (stapling) – this used folded pages inserted into a folder cover all of which are then stapled through the fold. However it is only suitable for a limited number of pages depending on the paper weight. Uses are brochures, magazines and small booklets.

Case binding – used for books of at least 80 pages. It gives a hard durable cover, the pages are sewn together with thread and then the whole thing is glued to the hard cover. It is the most expensive form of binding.

Perfect binding – gives a distinct flat spine which is useful for documents kept for reference on a shelf. Pages are stitched together and then glued onto a separate outer cover. Used in paperback books.

Spiral Wire and Wire-O binding – consists of a line of small holes along the edge of the cover next to the spine. A spiral or double loop wire is threaded though the holes. This allows documents to be folded back or lie flat. It is typically used for notebooks.

Finishes

Lamination – a very thin plastic coating which is sealed onto the printed sheet in either a matt or gloss finish. Matt produces a smooth professional looking surface while gloss produces a very shiny surface. It can be used to improve the durability of a print, however it cannot be recycled of is not ecologically friendly.

Foil Blocking – metallic foil is applied to a specific area of a printed sheet to create a shiny effect. The method uses heat and pressure to apply the foil which results in a much shiner finish then Metallic inks. It is expensive due to the special tools that are required.

Embossing and Debossing – a specific area or detail is either raised up (embossing) or pressed down (debossing). It can make a slightly 3-dimensional look, or make it more tactile prominent then the surrounding area.

Die cutting – either punching an irregular hole in a printed page or trimming the whole sheet in an irregular way. A metal punch tool is required which makes it more expensive.

Encapsulation – a sheet is completely covered in a clear plastic with gives it higher durability then lamination. It is often used on ID badges and surfaces that need to be wiped clean.

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